what to eat during pregnancy

What To Eat During Pregnancy

What To Eat During Your Pregnancy

Being pregnant is an exciting and exhausting time, you start to have cravings for certain foods so how do you know what to eat during pregnancy that is good for you and baby? I have a list of foods that are healthy and satisfying for those cravings, how much you should be eating and what to avoid.

The first part of pregnancy is hard because of morning sickness and being tired all the time so worrying about what you should be eating shouldn’t be one of those things added to your list. It’s very simple actually so don’t over think it.

Try to enjoy each stage of pregnancy even with the not so wonderful things that occur to your body, this is a beautiful time you are growing a tiny human inside and it’s such a miracle!!

 what to eat during pregnancy

Knowing What To Eat During Pregnancy

When you are pregnant your body needs more folic acid, calcium, protein and iron. These vitamins all help in the growth of the fetus to prevent birth defects, provide healthy bone structure, increase oxygen going to the baby and help build important organs in your baby such as heart and brain.

 

In order to eat what you need to during pregnancy follow the main food groups dairy, lean meat, fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Try to avoid all the junk food and things that you may feel like eating a ton of but should be snacking on carrots and other things instead. It does take a little will power to do so and you don’t have to completely lay off junk food just limit the amount of it.

 

Just because you are eating for two doesn’t mean you can eat anything you want in any amount! In the first 3 months your body only needs to gain about 4 lb so you don’t need to change your calorie intake it the same as it was before you got pregnant.

what to eat during pregnancy

 

That is how some women end up gaining so much baby weight and have problems loosing it after. You can also loose weight after being pregnant by eating less than you used to if you had a poor diet and only eating what you need for you and baby.

 

The second trimester you need 2,200 calories in your diet and the third trimester you need 2,400 calories.

Along with your prenatal vitamin you need to be eating these foods for proper growth source

 

Folic Acid

Folic acid is very important because of the B vitamins that help prevent birth defects in your baby.

Foods that contain folic acid are listed here:

Leafy green vegetables

Cereals that are fortified with

Breads

Pastas

Beans

Citrus Fruits

 

Calcium

Calcium rich foods help with forming your babies bones and teeth and is taken from you when you are pregnant to be used for your baby so it is very important to replenish the calcium for your own body to use and replenish what is taken.

Foods that contain calcium are:

Milk

Yogurt

Cheeses

Salmon

Kale

Bok Choy

 

Protein

Foods that are rich with protein help with the development of your babies organs and are very important for growth especially the brain and heart so eat your lean meats.

Foods that contain protein:

Meat

Poultry

Eggs

Fish

Peas

Nuts

Tofu

 

Iron

Iron is also an important vitamin for you as well as your baby without enough you may become anemic and feel weak and tired all the time and also for your body to make more blood to supply the baby with oxygen. Vitamin C is also needed in the absorption of iron so drink your OJ with your iron rich cereal and even throughout the day if you wish!

Food that contain iron:

Meat

Poultry

Cereal fortified with Iron

Fish

Peas and beans

 

As you can see a lot of these foods contain the vitamins that you need so it’s not that complicated when you decide what to eat.

Make sure you choose foods from each category at meal time and balance it out.

 

For example:

Breakfast:  Have eggs and whole grain toast with a bowl of cereal and orange juice for breakfast that way you get your Iron, vitamin C, folic acid and protein.

 

Snack: For a snack have some milk and yogurt with a protein bar or breakfast essentials drink (I drank these for breakfast with a little whole grain snack, I couldn’t eat with morning sickness so this helped).

What Not To Eat

Now that we have covered what to eat during pregnancy lets go over the foods you need to avoid. There aren’t to many foods to avoid just a couple that you need to limit or stay away from which your doctor has probably already covered with you but to recap here goes.

 

Foods to avoid:

Tuna

you can eat it once a week but I wouldn’t eat it any more than that due to the high content of mercury in it which is very harmful to your babies brain, kidneys and nervous system.

 

Unpasteurized food

eating foods that are unpasteurized give you a higher chance of getting food poisoning to make it simple. These foods could contain Listeria which can cause miscarriages, stillbirths and preterm labor.  Toxoplasma which is a parasite ( also the same parasite found in cat litter which is why you need to steer clear of this as well) neither sound good so i am certain you will stay away from these!

 

These foods are:

Raw Milk

Milk that is unpasterurized

Some Cheeses

Brie, feta, and a few others but it will say on the packaging

 

Hot dogs and lunch meat

These can be heated up until they are hot so it kills the bacteria (I never avoided them because I love lunch meat and hot dogs are a go to quick meal on busy nights).

 

Deli Salads

These have the potential to get you sick from listeria so I would avoid the risk and make it yourself if you really want one of these. When I was pregnant I made deli salads at home all of the time, I just craved a nice fresh salad and to be honest they are better for you when you make your own.

 

Raw Meat

This one is kinda a no brainer but if you order a steak and it is really pink and bloody I would send it back just to be safe. Also under cooked chicken or turkey so to be safe, when in doubt don’t eat it!  These foods can pass Toxoplasma infection to your baby causing blindness and mental disability.

 

Avoid these raw foods as well:

 

Raw Fish

Sushi, sashimi, ceviches and carpaccio.

 

Shell Fish

Clams, Mussels, Oysters and Scallops

 

Most things like under cooked eggs and anything else unpasteurized should just be avoided to be safe so if you have a question on it I would say don’t eat it!

I have done this a few times with ordering eggs for breakfast they were not cooked well enough so I sent them back and ordered scrambled eggs from then on.

 Morning sickness tip

Eat watermelon it is great for helping with morning sickness and also keeps you hydrated which is a plus!

What To Eat During Pregnancy Conclusion:

It’s not as hard as you would think to eat during your pregnancy just follow the guidelines of the 5 food groups and adapt it according to your body and morning sickness needs and you will do just fine. There are many challenges being pregnant but finding the right foods shouldn’t be one of them, so feel encouraged mama you can eat well and adapt it for your needs to make it work.

Here is a list for you to keep and look as a reminder of what to eat and not eat:

foods for pregnant women

Other posts you may like:

Making a Birth Plan That Works

How To Sleep When Pregnant

 

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